Prophet, Muĥammad, who had come to confirm the revelations already received, whom the jews were eagerly awaiting and about whom they had been boasting before the pagan Arabs. With him, they used to tell those Arabs, ‘our victory would be complete.’
كفرهم كان لمجرد العناد الذي هو نتيجة الحسد لا للجهل، وهو أبلغ في الذم؛ لأن الجاهل قد يعذر. الألوسي: 1/322
- Ibn Abbas said, “The Jews used to invoke Allah (for the coming of Muhammad ) in order to gain victory over the Aws and Khazraj, before the Prophet was sent. When Allah sent him to the Arabs, they rejected him and denied what they used to say about him. Hence, Mu`adh bin Jabal and Bishr bin Al-Bara’ bin Ma`rur, from Bani Salamah, said to them, `O Jews! Fear Allah and embrace Islam. You used to invoke Allah for the coming of Muhammad when we were still disbelievers and you used to tell us that he would come and describe him to us,’ Salam bin Mushkim from Bani An-Nadir replied, `He did not bring anything that we recognize. He is not the Prophet we told you about.‘ [Ibn Kathir]
وَلَمَّا جَآءَهُمْ كِتَٰبٌ مِّنْ عِندِ ٱللَّهِ مُصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَهُمْ وَكَانُوا۟ مِن قَبْلُ يَسْتَفْتِحُونَ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ فَلَمَّا جَآءَهُم مَّا عَرَفُوا۟ كَفَرُوا۟ بِهِۦ ۚ فَلَعْنَةُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَى ٱلْكَٰفِرِينَ
And when there came to them a Book from Allah confirming that which was with them – although before they used to pray for victory against those who disbelieved – but [then] when there came to them that which they recognized, they disbelieved in it; so the curse of Allah will be upon the disbelievers. (2:89)
Rabbi “Šim‘on ben Yohai” شمعون بن يوحاي is an eminent Jewish Rabbi from the second century.
According to the jewish site: Chabad.org
Simeon ben Yohai, Rabbi: (c. 100-160 CE) Mishnaic sage and mystic, student of Rabbi Akiba. When he evoked the wrath of the Roman authorities, he, together with his son Eleazar, hid in a cave for thirteen years, where their needs were miraculously provided for. He authored the Zohar, the most fundamental kabbalistic work.
In myjewishlearning.com, we read:
Simeon Ben Yohai (also known as Shimon bar Yochai), a famous rabbi of the second century CE, was a disciple of Rabbi Akiva and a colleague of Rabbi Meir, Rabbi Judah and Rabbi Jose. Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai’s opinions in halachah are referred to frequently in the Talmudic records of the debates and discussions …
The secrets of rabbi simon ben yohai:
These are the secrets that were revealed to R. Šim‘on b. Yohai when he was hiding in a cave on account of (the persecutions of) Caesar king of Edom (i.e., Rome). He stood in prayer forty days and forty nights, and began thusly: