Human resources experts say that successfully leading a small group of people is not an easy task.
Imagine for a moment the challenge Prophet Muhammad faced when he established the foundations of the first Muslim community first in Makkah, then in Madinah.
When Islam started to gain publicity, the few people who had embraced it in Makkah formed the nucleus of the first Muslim community. This small community was put to persecution at the hands of the people of Quraysh.
The Prophet had to do something about this challenging situation. When the persecution intensified, he asked some of them to leave Makkah and migrate to Abyssinia where its king, Negus, gave them protection and welcomed them in his country. As a responsible leader, the Prophet had a serious concern for his followers’ safety and he took wise measures to ensure that at least some of them were safe, far away from danger.
After the death of the Prophet’s wife, Khadijah, and his uncle, Abu Talib, the persecution of the Prophet and his companions in Makkah increased, and his personal safety was at risk as the tribes joined hands to kill him. At that point, God commanded the Prophet to leave Makkah and migrate to Madinah where he started a new phase in establishing the new Muslim state.
In Madinah, the Prophet declared that both the migrants (Al-Muhajirun) and the helpers (Al-Ansar) were brothers, and that they formed one community. The Prophet’s main goal in building this community was to strengthen their bonds of brotherhood in Islam.
He also wanted to ease the pain of the migrants and wanted the helpers to extend their hands to the new members of the community who had left their houses and properties behind in Makkah for the sake of Islam. This healthy and positive atmosphere was an important factor that led to the long-term success of the new Muslim community in Madinah.
Prophet Muhammad loved his companions and cared for them a lot. His care and concern covered even those who had died, as he was very keen for example to pay off their debts. When God made the Prophet wealthy through conquests, he said:
“I am more rightful than other believers to be the guardian of the believers, so if a Muslim dies while in debt, I am responsible for the repayment of his debt, and whoever leaves wealth (after his death) it will belong to his heirs.” (Al-Bukhari)
In what follows, I will shed more light on some other aspects of the Prophet’s wise leadership.
Source: OnIslam – Mohsen Haredy